Real people voted for Trump, not bots
The US presidential election was not only a national ballot but a referendum on globalization in all of its malignant manifestations: free trade, open borders, and subjugation of national sovereignty to unelected international organizations.
Published: November 26, 2016, 3:20 pm
Brexit and Trump’s victory have emboldened electorates in other nations to reject contrivances that stymie national sovereign rights. December 4, 2016 represents another watershed date to reject globalist agendas in Austria as well as Italy.
Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi has staked his political future on the referendum, which if passed, will reduce the power of the Italian upper house of parliament, the Senate, and drastically cut back the powers of the Italian regions.
This state of affairs was brought about without by an informed public, while robots dedicated to posting pro-Hillary Clinton tweets had to be rolled out in support of the unpopular Democratic candidate during the second US presidential debate, says a study.
The use of bots by the Clinton campaign, awash with corporate money, forced the Donald Trump campaign to also employ bots, giving the Republican Party a potential advantage on the social network, the BBC reported.
Prof Philip Howard, from the University of Oxford’s Internet Institute, believes more and more traffic had become automated. He told the BBC that bot accounts were exclusively tweeted hashtags linked to one – but not the other – candidate at least 50 times a day over one of the four-day periods.
But other experts have noted that the method is not foolproof as it would include some of the candidates’ most enthusiastic supporters. One Clinton follower, not a bot, who posts messages about the candidate dozens of times a day, also objected.
But analysts say neither Facebook decided the election the next president of the United States nor Donald Trump’s ability to wage a successful Twitter war with celebrities and news outlets.
Since the “surprise” results of the 2016 presidential election, the globalist media outlets have been inundated by stories of how, based on algorithms that limit exposure to diverse news, bots are responsible for spreading “fake news”. Lately the “anti-Trump” German chancellor Angela Merkel has also joined the chorus of the “fake news” and “bots” proponents, as an excuse to justify her recent calls for censorship
But experts in the business, are all too familiar with exaggerated claims about technologies’ social implications.
Keith Hampton is professor in the Department of Media and Information at Michigan State University and Eszter Hargittai is professor in the Institute of Mass Communication and Media Research at the University of Zurich. They both believe that Trump won because real people voted for him.
Despite media coverage that suggests otherwise, few social media are ubiquitous. While most Americans are on the Internet, and about 70 percent of online adults use Facebook, other social media sites, including Twitter, Pinterest, and LinkedIn, are used by less than a quarter of the adult online population. When people are asked if they “get their news” on Facebook or other social media, about half say “yes,” which is less than a third of all online adults.
Yet this exaggerates the role of social media as a source of hard news on public affairs. Many Americans think the Kardashians and their local sports teams qualify as “news.”
When asked to recall where they got their news concerning a specific hard news issue, TV and radio dominate as sources. The average Facebook user clicks on only 7 percent of the hard news content available on their feeds. Far more Americans get their news from television than from social media.
Half century of communication research shows that real, or fake, news through any media simply changes opinion in favor of a story or ad. Fake or exaggerated negative news may even produce a backfire effect that strengthens opinion in the opposite direction the story intended.
There is certainly no evidence that Trump supporters dominated the social media landscape. In fact, collected data on what social media were used by potential voters, Hillary Clinton supporters were significantly more likely to be on both Twitter and Reddit, two platforms that the media often associated with Trump enthusiasts (33 percent vs 21 percent on Twitter, 14 percent vs 9 percent on Reddit). Only a fifth of Trump supporters ever visit Twitter and less than 10 percent ever visit Reddit. It is hard to imagine that this paltry level of engagement could swing an election.
The argument that social media encourages people to interact in isolated ideological spheres more than they did before is not supported by evidence. Studies have consistently found that Facebook use is associated with knowing a greater variety of people from all walks of life.
While anecdotal evidence looking at hateful tweets and Reddit threads may suggest that such content is upsetting to some, there is simply no systematic empirical evidence that this type of engagement was a defining feature of the election.
If media did play a role in deciding the results, it was in the mass media where Trump outperformed his rival, and probably because of all the wildly negative coverage he received from almost all outlets.
Americans’ attitudes toward diverse ethnics groups have changed. This is the real story about the election. Since early in this century, rates of tolerance toward ethnic groups have fluctuated, with views that frame immigrants as a burden sharply concentrated among those who see themselves in direct economic competition: white men without a college degree. No wonder Donald Trump’s message resonated so strongly with this demographic.
Trump’s message of support to a struggling group won him this election, not social media algorithms. It may not be a coincidence that the same demographic that is most likely to be disconnected from the internet was most likely to vote for Trump.
All rights reserved. You have permission to quote freely from the articles provided that the source (www.freewestmedia.com) is given. Photos may not be used without our consent.
Keep your language polite. Readers from many different countries visit and contribute to Free West Media and we must therefore obey the rules in, for example, Germany. Illegal content will be deleted.
If you have been approved to post comments without preview from FWM, you are responsible for violations of any law. This means that FWM may be forced to cooperate with authorities in a possible crime investigation.
If your comments are subject to preview by FWM, please be patient. We continually review comments but depending on the time of day it can take up to several hours before your comment is reviewed.
We reserve the right to delete comments that are offensive, contain slander or foul language, or are irrelevant to the discussion.
WashingtonThree Democrats from the House of Representatives have sent a letter to the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) demanding an investigation into Sputnik Radio, "used as part of the Kremlin’s effort to influence the 2016 presidential election".
WashingtonFox News host Tucker Carlson warned on Thursday night that the Trump-DACA deal with Democrats will be the "biggest amnesty in American history". Worse still, president Trump will get nothing in return, Carlson said.
San Francisco Democratic Senator Scott Wiener is working full time to make infecting others with HIV, a minor transgression. Those who knowingly spread HIV may in future only face a misdemeanor charge.
The Pentagon has dispatched C-130H Sprayers from the Air Force Reserve’s 910th Airlift Wing residing in Youngstown, Ohio to Texas in the wake of Hurricane Harvey.
The redistribution of relative global wealth is proceeding in favor of emerging countries to the detriment of the West, says a leading analyst. Western countries have lost the capacity to grow their economies due to demographic challenges.
Russian Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Maria Zakharova warned that terrorists from a faction of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) have access to chemical weapons in Syria.
ParisThe most recent cover of French magazine Charlie Hebdo mocks victims of Hurricane Harvey that has sweeped accross Texas with a cover of Nazis drowning and text that translates to, "God Exists! He Drowned All the Neo-Nazis of Texas".
The US president, Donald Trump, has a "slavish regard for the military and business elites now stocking his cabinet", The Economist noted in an interview with fired White House strategist Steve Bannon. That also means more troops in Afghanistan.
CharlottesvilleIt seems the Democratic governor of the US state of Virginia, Terry McAuliffe, invented a story about "caches of weapons" being stashed around Charlottesville by conservatives in advance of the recently held Unite the Right rally.
The blacklisting on the Internet of alt-right and conservative sites by US tech companies, has begun in all earnest.